Swiss WineSwiss Wine has its origins in a country that is an agricultural landlocked area in Europe. Its population is one of the biggest of any European country, numbering almost ten million strong. Its most important industry is the production of wine, with over eighty percent of all its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) coming from wine exports. Swiss wine is largely made from more than 15,000 kilometers of vineyards, and most of the wines produced are from the south and in the west of Switzerland, in the surrounding cantons of Geneva, Neuchâtel and Ticino. White grapes varieties grown in Switzerland are on only 42.5% of the vineyard surface, while red grape varieties grow on just 58%. In terms of growth period, Swiss wine grapes stay in one of two states: wet or dry. The production of wine-producing country is highly influenced by climatic conditions. Winemakers have to face four seasons in order to be able to produce a high quality wine. These four seasons are summer, winter, spring and autumn. The average number of hours of sunlight per day is 7 hours. The rainy season is a different story though, with average sunshine hours remaining up to eight hours. Of all the different types of wine-producing countries in Europe, Switzerland is the most densely populated, with more than four hundred and fifty wineries having to be located in just thirty-two square kilometers. The most famous and typical wine producing region of Switzerland is Geneva, which has the highest production volume of all the countries in Europe. Geneva has been the location of some of the best and most influential wine makers throughout history. Some of these include Jean Baptiste Riesling and his brother, Augustiner; Claus Gsellmann and his son, Johannes Gsellmann; and Hugo van Rooy and his son, Anton. Apart from the great variety of grapes grown in different parts of Switzerland, another thing that distinguishes this country from other European countries is the climate. This is known as the "Words" of Montalcino, which translates to "warm." The summers are quite hot, reaching up to ninety-seven degrees Fahrenheit, while winters are barely cold. This unique feature makes it an ideal place for growing grapevines. The climate is also one of the main reasons why Switzerland has some of the finest wine-producing vineyards in the world. One of the best-kept secrets about Switzerland is that there is not one single vineyard that supplies all the local wines. A lot of international brands and smaller local ones too are manufactured in this country. A lot of French wines have come to be known as "Swiss wines" because of their white wines like Chardonnay and Pinot Noir. An example of a famous brand is Bordeaux-based Anais Pouliot, which is even sold under the name of "Bordeaux". The most popular varieties of wine produced by the chateau of Valais include Riesling, which are commonly drunk during important holidays; Chenin Blanc, which is a light wine; and the well-known white wine, Muscat. A major producer of sparkling wines like Jansan, Riesling, Chenin Blanc, and Muscat is the chateau of Loire Valley. Other popular types of this wine producing region are Saint-Remy, Gascony, Savoy, and Champagne. The famous Rhone Valley in France is also one of the biggest importers of Swiss wine. The typical characteristics of a wine produced in this part of Switzerland include a pleasant taste with hints of fruits and spice, a medium body that are full-bodied, an array of flavors and aromatics, and a distinct appearance that display vibrant colors. Some examples of these characteristics include being clear and having a low acidic level, being very sweet or very dry, being a reddish-brown color, having a grassy or green flavor, having aromatics like cherry, plum, or violet, being a crisp and refreshing beverage, as well as having a moderately high alcohol content. Some alpine wine-producing regions produce red and black wines. There are also other types of grapes used for making this wine, including the use of such varieties as wheat, barley, or bulgrian wheat.